Hong Kong is well known for its expansive skyline, deep natural harbour and extreme population density with some seven million inhabitants over a land mass of 1,104 km2. To compare, this is around 5% of the size of the Kruger wildlife reserve park in South Africa (19,485 km²).
Formally ruled by Britain, Hong Kong was transferred to the People’s Republic of China under the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration. The city became China’s first Special Administrative Region on 1 July 1997 under the principle of “one country, two systems”.
Victoria Harbour is a natural landform harbour situated between Hong Kong Island and Kowloon in Hong Kong. The harbour’s deep, sheltered waters and strategic location on the South China Sea were instrumental in Hong Kong’s establishment as a British colony and its subsequent development as a trading centre. Victoria Harbour is home to most of the port facilities of Hong Kong, making Hong Kong amongst the world’s busiest. An average of 220,000 ships visit the harbour each year.