The plains zebra or Burchell’s zebra (Equus quagga, formerly Equus burchelli), are part of horse family ‘genus Equus’.
The coat is black and white with brown ” shadow stripes” between the dark lines.
Size: 250 x 160 cm.
Each zebra has its own unique pattern of distinctive stripes, just as humans have their own unique pattern of fingerprints.
The name “zebra” comes from the Old Portuguese word zevra which means “wild ass”. Unlike their closest relatives, horses and donkeys, zebras have never been truly domesticated due to the zebra’s more unpredictable nature and tendency to panic under stress. Plains zebras occur in a variety of habitats, such as grasslands, savannas, woodlands, thorny scrublands, mountains, and coastal hills in Eastern and Southern Africa.
The Burchell’s Zebra is the national animal of Botswana and is found on the coat of arms of the country. The unique stripes of zebras make them one of the animals most familiar to people. The stripes can serve one or more functions:
1. The stripes may help to confuse predators by motion dazzle—a group of zebras standing or moving close together may appear as one large mass of flickering stripes, making it more difficult for the lion to pick out a target.
3. Stripes are used to cool the zebra. Air moves more quickly over black light-absorbing stripes while moving more slowly over white stripes.This creates convection currents around the zebra that would cool it. Zebras tend to have more stripes in hotter habitats.
3. the stripes are effective in attracting fewer flies. The stripes disrupt the attractive pattern some flies are looking for.